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High alumina fused cast refractory bricks are a type of premium refractory material known for their exceptional performance in high-temperature applications. These bricks are made using a fusion-casting process that involves melting high-purity alumina raw materials at extremely high temperatures and then cooling them to form a dense and durable brick structure. Here are key points about high alumina fused cast refractory bricks:

  • Composition:

    • Alumina (Al2O3): The primary component of high alumina fused cast bricks is alumina, typically with an alumina content of 94% to 99%. This high alumina content contributes to the bricks' excellent thermal stability, chemical resistance, and mechanical strength.
    • Minor additives: Depending on the specific requirements, small amounts of other materials such as zirconia (ZrO2), silica (SiO2), or chromite (FeCr2O4) may be added to the composition to enhance certain properties like thermal shock resistance or corrosion resistance.
  • Manufacturing Process:

    • Melting: High-purity alumina raw materials are melted in electric arc furnaces or similar high-temperature melting units at temperatures exceeding 2000°C (3632°F).
    • Casting: The molten alumina material is then cast into molds to form brick shapes. The casting process allows for the formation of a dense and homogeneous structure with excellent thermal and mechanical properties.
    • Cooling and annealing: After casting, the bricks undergo controlled cooling and annealing processes to relieve internal stresses and enhance their mechanical properties.
  • Properties:

    • High-temperature resistance: High alumina fused cast bricks can withstand temperatures ranging from 1600°C to 1800°C (2912°F to 3272°F) and even higher in some cases. They are suitable for use in applications where extreme heat is encountered, such as in furnaces, kilns, and reactors.
    • Thermal shock resistance: These bricks exhibit excellent thermal shock resistance, allowing them to withstand rapid temperature changes without cracking or spalling.
    • Chemical stability: High alumina fused cast bricks have high chemical stability and resistance to corrosion from molten metals, slags, acids, and alkalis, making them suitable for harsh industrial environments.
    • Mechanical strength: They possess high mechanical strength and abrasion resistance, ensuring long-term durability and reliability in demanding applications.
    • Low porosity: The fusion-casting process results in bricks with low porosity, reducing the penetration of molten materials and improving their resistance to thermal spalling and erosion.
  • Applications:

    • Steel industry: High alumina fused cast bricks are used in steel ladles, tundishes, and other steelmaking equipment due to their resistance to molten metal and slag.
    • Glass industry: They find applications in glass tank furnaces, melting tanks, and regenerators where high temperatures and resistance to glass corrosion are required.
    • Non-ferrous industry: These bricks are utilized in aluminum smelting, copper refining, and other non-ferrous metal processing operations.
    • Cement industry: They are employed in cement kilns and rotary calciners where high temperatures and abrasion resistance are essential.

In summary, high alumina fused cast refractory bricks offer outstanding thermal, mechanical, and chemical properties, making them suitable for a wide range of high-temperature industrial applications. Their durability, resistance to thermal shock, and chemical stability contribute to improved process efficiency and reduced maintenance costs in industrial operations.


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