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Passive fire protection services system materials | Wedge India

Fire protection

Fire protection refers to the set of measures, systems, and strategies implemented to prevent, detect, control, and mitigate the risks associated with fire. It encompasses various methods and technologies aimed at safeguarding lives, protecting property, and minimizing the impact of fires.

Here are some key aspects of fire protection:

  1. Fire Prevention: Fire prevention focuses on eliminating or minimizing the factors that can cause fires. This includes ensuring proper storage and handling of flammable materials, regular maintenance of electrical systems, adherence to safety protocols, and promoting fire safety awareness through education and training.

  2. Fire Detection and Alarm Systems: Fire detection systems are designed to identify the presence of fire or smoke. These systems use various devices such as smoke detectors, heat detectors, flame detectors, and gas detectors to detect potential fire hazards. When activated, they trigger alarms to alert occupants and initiate appropriate response actions.

  3. Fire Suppression Systems: Fire suppression systems are designed to control or extinguish fires. Examples include sprinkler systems, which release water or other extinguishing agents when a predetermined temperature or smoke threshold is reached, and gaseous suppression systems, which use inert gases or chemical agents to suppress fires in enclosed spaces.

  4. Portable Fire Extinguishers: Portable fire extinguishers are handheld devices that provide a means to extinguish small fires in their early stages. They contain specific extinguishing agents, such as water, foam, dry chemical powder, or carbon dioxide, which can be discharged onto a fire to suppress or extinguish it.

  5. Evacuation Plans and Emergency Exit Routes: Fire protection involves designing and implementing effective evacuation plans and emergency exit routes within buildings. These plans outline evacuation procedures, assembly points, and emergency communication systems to ensure safe and orderly evacuation of occupants in the event of a fire.

  6. Fire Safety Training and Education: Fire protection also involves educating occupants and personnel on fire safety practices, evacuation procedures, and the proper use of fire protection equipment. Training programs and drills help raise awareness, improve response capabilities, and ensure that individuals know how to react in a fire emergency.

  7. Building Design and Construction: Fire protection considerations are incorporated into building design and construction processes. This includes the use of fire-resistant materials, proper compartmentalization to contain fires, adequate fire-rated walls and barriers, and the implementation of passive fire protection measures, as discussed earlier.

  8. Fire Safety Regulations and Codes: Fire protection is governed by various regulations, codes, and standards that specify the minimum requirements for fire safety in buildings and occupancies. These regulations address areas such as fire prevention, detection, suppression systems, and emergency planning, and they help ensure consistent fire safety practices.

Fire protection is crucial for preserving life, protecting property, and minimizing the impact of fires. By implementing effective fire prevention measures, early detection systems, appropriate suppression technologies, and proper emergency response plans, the risks associated with fires can be significantly reduced. It is important to comply with local fire safety regulations and work with qualified professionals to ensure that fire protection measures are implemented correctly and maintained regularly.

What is Fire Resistance?

Fire resistance is a thermo-mechanical property of a building component that reflects the performance in terms of stability, integrity, and insulation requirements for a stated period against fire.

Stability (Load Bearing Capacity)

Ability of a load bearing component to withstand fire exposure without any loss of structural stability.


Resistance to penetration of flames, hot gases, and smoke.


Resistance to temperature rise on unexposed face upto a maximum 180 Degree C at any single point and average temperature of 140 Degree C.

Passive fire protection

Passive fire protection

Passive fire protection (PFP) refers to measures and materials used in building design and construction to limit the spread of fire, protect structural integrity, and provide safe evacuation routes.

Unlike active fire protection systems, such as fire alarms and sprinkler systems, which require human intervention or electrical power, passive fire protection works automatically and does not rely on external factors. Here are some common examples of passive fire protection measures:

  1. Fire-rated Walls and Partitions: Fire-rated walls are constructed using fire-resistant materials, such as fire-rated gypsum board or concrete blocks, to create compartments that can contain the spread of fire and smoke. These walls are designed to withstand fire for a specified duration, typically measured in hours.

  2. Fire-resistant Doors and Windows: Fire-resistant doors and windows are made with materials that can withstand high temperatures and prevent the spread of fire and smoke. They have fire-rated glass and frames that are designed to maintain their integrity and prevent the passage of flames and hot gases.

  3. Fire-resistant Coatings and Intumescent Paints: Fire-resistant coatings and intumescent paints are applied to structural elements, such as steel beams and columns, to provide a protective barrier against fire. When exposed to high temperatures, these coatings expand and form an insulating char layer, which slows down the transfer of heat to the underlying structure.

  4. Firestops and Fire-resistant Seals: Firestops are materials used to seal penetrations in fire-rated walls, floors, and ceilings, such as openings for pipes, ducts, and cables. They prevent the spread of fire and smoke through these openings. Fire-resistant seals are used to fill gaps and joints in building components to restrict the passage of flames and hot gases.

  5. Fire-resistant Insulation: Fire-resistant insulation materials, such as mineral wool or fiberglass, are used in building assemblies to provide thermal resistance and prevent the spread of fire. These materials are non-combustible and can withstand high temperatures.

  6. Fire-resistant Dampers: Fire-resistant dampers are installed in HVAC systems and ductwork to prevent the spread of fire and smoke through the ventilation system. These dampers automatically close when exposed to high temperatures, sealing off the airflow and isolating different areas of the building.

  7. Fire-resistant Sealants: Fire-resistant sealants are used to fill gaps and joints in fire-rated walls, floors, and other building components. They prevent the spread of fire and smoke through these openings and maintain the integrity of the fire-rated assembly.

  8. Fire-resistant Structural Elements: Some structural elements, such as fire-resistant concrete, fire-rated steel columns, and fireproofing materials applied to structural members, are designed to withstand high temperatures and maintain their load-bearing capacity during a fire.

Passive fire protection is an essential aspect of building design and construction, providing vital safeguards against fire hazards. These measures work together to contain and limit the spread of fire, protect occupants, and minimize property damage, allowing for safe evacuation and providing valuable time for firefighting efforts. Building codes and regulations often require specific passive fire protection measures based on the type of occupancy and fire safety standards.

Fire Protection Services

Wedge Fire Protection Services, Systems, and Materials

At wedge we produce high performance and low cost passive fire protection systems.

Wedge Passive Fire Protection Systems

Fire Doors | Fire Walls | Fire Barriers | Fire Curtains | Fire Mortar

Fire Sealants | Fireproof Cement | Fire Retardant Paint

Fire Proof Coatings for Steel | Intumescent Fire Door Seals

Intumescent Hinges Pad Locks Seals | Fire Resistant Hardwares

Fire Resistant Ceilings | Fire Resistant Coatings for Tunnels

Fire Resistant Ducts for Kitchen | Fire Sleeve | Fire Hose

Fire Resistant Building Insulation | Fire Resistant Acoustic Insulation

Wedge Fire Resistant Boards

Magnesium Oxide MgO Boards | Fire Resistant Calcium Silicate Boards

High Temperature Fibre Cement Boards | Fire Resistant Millboards

Fire Resistant Vermiculite Boards | Fire Resistant Perlite Boards

Fire Resistant Microporous Boards

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