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Fused cast alpha beta alumina bricks are a type of refractory material that combines both alpha and beta alumina phases in their structure. These bricks are produced using a fusion-casting process, which involves melting high-purity alumina raw materials and cooling them to form a dense and durable refractory brick. Here are key points about fused cast alpha beta alumina bricks:

  • Composition:

    • Alpha alumina (α-Al2O3): Alpha alumina is a stable crystalline phase of alumina that contributes to the high-temperature resistance and mechanical strength of the bricks.
    • Beta alumina (β-Al2O3): Beta alumina is another crystalline phase of alumina that enhances the thermal shock resistance and chemical stability of the bricks.
    • Minor additives: Depending on the specific requirements, small amounts of other materials such as zirconia (ZrO2), silica (SiO2), or chromite (FeCr2O4) may be added to the composition to improve certain properties.
  • Manufacturing Process:

    • Melting: High-purity alumina raw materials are melted in electric arc furnaces or similar high-temperature melting units at temperatures exceeding 2000°C (3632°F).
    • Casting: The molten alumina material is then cast into molds to form brick shapes. The casting process allows for the formation of a dense and homogeneous structure with both alpha and beta alumina phases.
    • Cooling and annealing: After casting, the bricks undergo controlled cooling and annealing processes to relieve internal stresses and enhance their mechanical properties.
  • Properties:

    • High-temperature resistance: Fused cast alpha beta alumina bricks can withstand temperatures ranging from 1600°C to 1800°C (2912°F to 3272°F) and even higher in some cases. They are suitable for use in applications where extreme heat is encountered, such as in furnaces, kilns, and reactors.
    • Thermal shock resistance: The combination of alpha and beta alumina phases provides excellent thermal shock resistance, allowing the bricks to withstand rapid temperature changes without cracking or spalling.
    • Chemical stability: These bricks exhibit high chemical stability and resistance to corrosion from molten metals, slags, acids, and alkalis, making them suitable for harsh industrial environments.
    • Mechanical strength: Fused cast alpha beta alumina bricks have high mechanical strength and abrasion resistance, ensuring long-term durability and reliability in demanding applications.
    • Low porosity: The fusion-casting process results in bricks with low porosity, reducing the penetration of molten materials and improving their resistance to thermal spalling and erosion.
  • Applications:

    • Steel industry: Fused cast alpha beta alumina bricks are used in steel ladles, tundishes, and other steelmaking equipment due to their resistance to molten metal and slag.
    • Glass industry: They find applications in glass tank furnaces, melting tanks, and regenerators where high temperatures and resistance to glass corrosion are required.
    • Non-ferrous industry: These bricks are utilized in aluminum smelting, copper refining, and other non-ferrous metal processing operations.
    • Cement industry: They are employed in cement kilns and rotary calciners where high temperatures and abrasion resistance are essential.

In summary, fused cast alpha beta alumina bricks offer a combination of excellent thermal, mechanical, and chemical properties, making them suitable for use in various high-temperature industrial applications. Their durability, resistance to thermal shock, and chemical stability contribute to improved process efficiency and reduced maintenance costs in industrial operations.

Fused Cast Alpha Beta Alumina Refractory Brick Block

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