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Buy good quality Refractories at low price made in India and China at Wedge. We assure high performance guarantee and offer complete solution supply & installation on Total Refractory management basis at lowest possible cost matching to your SOPs.


What are Refractories?

Refractories are materials that can withstand high temperatures and harsh conditions without undergoing significant physical or chemical changes. They are used extensively in industries such as metallurgy, ceramics, glass, cement, petrochemicals, and power generation, where processes involving extreme heat, chemical corrosion, and mechanical wear occur. Here are some key points about refractories:

  • Classification: Refractories are classified based on their chemical composition, physical properties, and intended applications. Common types include:

    • Fireclay refractories: Made from clay minerals and used in applications with moderate temperatures, such as brick linings for fireplaces and chimneys.
    • High alumina refractories: Contain a high percentage of alumina (Al2O3) and are used in high-temperature environments like steelmaking furnaces and glass melting tanks.
    • Silica refractories: Made from silica (SiO2) and used in acidic conditions, such as lining for glass furnaces and ceramic kilns.
    • Magnesia refractories: Contain magnesia (MgO) and are resistant to basic environments, commonly used in steelmaking and cement kilns.
    • Chrome refractories: Contain chromium oxide (Cr2O3) and are used in applications requiring high corrosion and erosion resistance, like copper smelting furnaces.
    • Carbon-containing refractories: Include materials like graphite and carbon bricks used in high-temperature applications, such as electrodes in electric arc furnaces and linings for aluminum smelting cells.
  • Properties: Refractories possess several key properties that make them suitable for high-temperature applications:

    • High melting point: Refractories can withstand temperatures well above 1000°C, with some materials capable of withstanding even higher temperatures.
    • Thermal conductivity: They have low thermal conductivity, which helps to insulate and protect equipment from heat loss or damage.
    • Thermal shock resistance: Refractories can withstand rapid changes in temperature without cracking or spalling, crucial for applications involving thermal cycling.
    • Chemical stability: They are resistant to chemical reactions with molten metals, slags, gases, and other substances encountered in industrial processes.
    • Mechanical strength: Refractories have sufficient mechanical strength to withstand mechanical stress, abrasion, and load-bearing requirements.
  • Applications: Refractories are used in various industrial applications, including:

    • Steelmaking: Lining of blast furnaces, ladles, tundishes, and other steelmaking equipment to withstand high temperatures and chemical reactions.
    • Glass manufacturing: Lining of glass melting furnaces, tanks, and regenerators to withstand molten glass and harsh thermal conditions.
    • Cement production: Lining of rotary kilns, preheaters, and cyclones in cement plants to withstand high temperatures and chemical reactions during clinker production.
    • Petrochemical industry: Lining of reactors, boilers, and furnaces in oil refineries and petrochemical plants to withstand corrosive environments and thermal cycling.
    • Power generation: Lining of boilers, incinerators, and combustion chambers in thermal power plants to withstand high temperatures and thermal cycling.

In summary, refractories are essential materials in industries that operate under extreme conditions, providing thermal insulation, chemical resistance, and mechanical durability to equipment and structures. Their diverse compositions and properties make them suitable for a wide range of applications where heat management and material protection are critical.


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