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Refractories | Refractory Bricks Castable Cement Mortar | Wedge India

Refractories

Refractories are the materials that have high resistance to heat and are capable of withstanding extremely high temperatures and harsh conditions. They are used in industries that involve processes such as high-temperature heating, melting, and containment of materials. Get good quality Steel cement aluminium glass kiln ladle tundish furnace refractories refractory bricks castable mortar low price monolithic Wedge India. Refractories are composed of various heat-resistant materials, including oxides, silicates, carbides, nitrides, and other refractory minerals. The specific composition depends on the desired properties and the intended application of the refractory material. Refractories are designed to withstand temperatures higher than those of conventional building materials. They can resist temperatures ranging from several hundred degrees Celsius to several thousand degrees Celsius, depending on the type and quality of the refractory.

Types of refractories

There are different types of refractories available, each with specific properties and recommended applications. Some common types include:

  • Fire clay refractories: These are made from fire clay and are used in applications with temperatures up to 1,600°C (2,912°F). They are commonly used in lining fireplaces, chimneys, and other low-temperature industrial applications.

  • High alumina refractories: These are made from alumina (aluminum oxide) and are capable of withstanding temperatures up to 1,800°C (3,272°F). They are used in applications such as steelmaking, glass manufacturing, and petrochemical processing.

  • Silica refractories: These are made from silica (silicon dioxide) and are used in applications where high resistance to acidic materials is required. They are commonly used in the glass industry and in certain chemical processes.

  • Magnesite refractories: These are made from magnesite (magnesium oxide) and have high resistance to basic materials. They are used in applications such as steelmaking, cement production, and non-ferrous metal refining.

  • Chrome refractories: These are made from chromium oxide and have excellent resistance to corrosion and erosion. They are used in applications involving molten metals and in environments with high alkali content.

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Applications of Refractories in various industries

  1. Iron and steel industry: Refractories are used in blast furnaces, steelmaking furnaces, ladles, and other equipment involved in the production of iron and steel.

  2. Cement industry: Refractories are used in kilns and other equipment involved in cement production.

  3. Glass industry: Refractories are used in glass furnaces, where high temperatures are required for melting and shaping glass.

  4. Petrochemical industry: Refractories are used in reactors, furnaces, and other equipment involved in the production of chemicals and petrochemicals.

  5. Non-ferrous metal industry: Refractories are used in smelting and refining processes for non-ferrous metals such as aluminum, copper, and zinc.

Installation and maintenance of Refractories

Refractories are installed in various forms, such as bricks, castables, and ceramic fibers. The installation process involves shaping and assembling the refractory materials according to the specific requirements of the application. Regular inspections and maintenance are important to identify any wear, damage, or erosion of the refractory lining and to repair or replace them as needed to ensure optimal performance.

 

Refractories are crucial in industries that operate at high temperatures, as they provide the necessary heat resistance and insulation to protect equipment and structures from thermal stress and damage. Their ability to withstand extreme conditions makes them essential for maintaining efficient and safe operations in high-temperature processes.

refractory cement
Refractory Cement

Refractory cement, also known as refractory mortar, is a specialized type of cement that is designed to be used in high-temperature applications where standard cement would not be suitable. It is primarily used for bonding and sealing refractory bricks and other refractory materials in furnaces, kilns, fireplaces, and other heat-intensive environments. Here are some key points about refractory cement:

  1. Composition: Refractory cement is composed of a combination of heat-resistant materials such as alumina, silica, fire clay, and other refractory aggregates. These materials provide the cement with high temperature resistance and stability.

  2. Heat resistance: Refractory cement is engineered to withstand high temperatures ranging from 1,200°C (2,192°F) to 1,800°C (3,272°F) and even higher, depending on the specific product. It maintains its strength and integrity even when exposed to extreme heat.

  3. Bonding and sealing properties: Refractory cement is used to bond and seal refractory bricks, tiles, and other heat-resistant materials together. It forms a strong bond and creates a tight seal, preventing the escape of heat, gases, or liquids from the enclosed area.

  4. Types of refractory cement: There are different types of refractory cement available, each with its own characteristics and recommended applications. Some common types include:

    • Alumina-based refractory cement: These cements contain a high proportion of alumina, providing excellent resistance to heat and chemical corrosion. They are suitable for applications involving high temperatures and contact with molten metals.

    • Calcium aluminate-based refractory cement: These cements are composed primarily of calcium aluminate compounds. They offer good heat resistance and are commonly used in applications such as repairing and lining furnaces, kilns, and incinerators.

    • Insulating refractory cement: These cements have added lightweight materials, such as vermiculite or perlite, to improve their insulating properties. They are used in applications where reducing heat loss is crucial, such as in the construction of fireplace linings or insulating fireboxes.

  5. Application and installation: Refractory cement is typically applied between refractory bricks or other heat-resistant materials using trowels or other tools. It is important to follow the manufacturer's instructions for proper mixing, application, and curing of the cement. The cement is usually air-dried or cured at ambient temperatures, or in some cases, it may require heat curing to achieve its full strength.

  6. Maintenance and repairs: Over time, refractory cement may degrade due to thermal cycling, chemical exposure, or mechanical stress. Regular inspections should be conducted to identify any cracks, erosion, or damage in the cement. Repairs can be made by removing the damaged cement and applying a new layer of refractory cement to restore the integrity of the lining.

Refractory cement plays a critical role in creating durable and heat-resistant structures in high-temperature applications. Its ability to withstand extreme temperatures and form strong bonds makes it an essential material in industries that involve furnaces, kilns, and other heat-intensive processes.

Refractory Products at Wedge India

At Wedge India we offer wide range of Refractory products made of wide range of raw materials and products that are designed to withstand high temperatures and harsh conditions. These products are used in various industries for lining furnaces, kilns, reactors, and other high-temperature equipment. Here are some common types of Wedge Refractory Products:

  1. Refractory bricks: Refractory bricks are solid, shaped blocks made from refractory materials such as fire clay, alumina, silica, magnesite, and chrome. They come in various shapes and sizes, including standard bricks, arch bricks, wedge bricks, and special shapes. Refractory bricks are used for lining the walls, floors, and roofs of high-temperature applications.

  2. Refractory castables: Refractory castables are mixtures of refractory aggregates, binders, and additives that are typically mixed with water to form a slurry. They are then poured or gunned into place to create a monolithic lining. Refractory castables offer flexibility in installation and are used for various applications, including furnace linings, kiln linings, and repair work.

  3. Refractory fibers: Refractory fibers are lightweight and flexible materials made from ceramic or mineral fibers. They are used for insulation purposes in high-temperature applications. Refractory fibers can be woven into mats, blankets, papers, or boards, and they provide excellent thermal insulation and energy conservation in furnace linings, kiln linings, and other heat-intensive equipment.

  4. Refractory mortars: Refractory mortars, also known as refractory cements, are specialized cementitious materials designed for bonding and sealing refractory bricks and other refractory materials. They have high temperature resistance and are used for joining and repairing refractory linings.

  5. Refractory coatings: Refractory coatings are thin layers of refractory material that are applied to the surface of refractory linings to enhance their performance. These coatings can improve resistance to erosion, thermal shock, and chemical attack. They are commonly used in industries such as steelmaking and petrochemical processing.

  6. Refractory monolithics: Refractory monolithics refer to unshaped refractory materials that are installed in a plastic or semi-plastic state and then harden in place. They include materials such as ramming mixes, gunning mixes, and plastic refractories. Refractory monolithics offer easy installation and are used in areas where traditional brickwork is not feasible or cost-effective.

  7. Refractory precast shapes: Refractory precast shapes are custom-designed refractory products manufactured in a controlled environment. They are prefabricated to specific shapes and sizes before being delivered to the site. Refractory precast shapes offer precision and efficiency in installation and are used in complex furnace linings, ladles, and other specialized applications.

 

Here are some common types of refractories you buy at Wedge India
  1. Fireclay refractories: These are made from fire clay, which is a type of clay rich in alumina and silica. Fireclay refractories are versatile and widely used. They have good thermal shock resistance and are suitable for applications with temperatures up to 1,600°C (2,912°F). They are commonly used in fireplaces, chimneys, and low-temperature industrial applications.

  2. High alumina refractories: These refractories are made from high-alumina content materials, typically containing 45% to 95% alumina (aluminum oxide). High alumina refractories have excellent resistance to high temperatures and abrasion. They can withstand temperatures up to 1,800°C (3,272°F) and are commonly used in steelmaking, glass manufacturing, and other applications involving high temperatures and harsh chemical environments.

  3. Silica refractories: Silica refractories are made from silica (silicon dioxide) and have a high silica content. They have good resistance to acidic materials and are commonly used in the glass industry and certain chemical processes. Silica refractories can withstand temperatures up to 1,700°C (3,092°F).

  4. Magnesite refractories: These refractories are made from magnesite (magnesium oxide) and have high resistance to basic materials. Magnesite refractories are used in applications such as steelmaking, cement production, and non-ferrous metal refining. They can withstand temperatures up to 2,000°C (3,632°F).

  5. Chrome refractories: Chrome refractories are made from chromium oxide and have excellent resistance to corrosion and erosion. They are used in applications involving molten metals and in environments with high alkali content. Chrome refractories can withstand temperatures up to 1,700°C (3,092°F).

  6. Carbon refractories: Carbon refractories are made from carbon or graphite and have excellent resistance to high temperatures and chemical attack. They are used in applications such as electric arc furnaces and ladles for steelmaking, as well as in the production of non-ferrous metals. Carbon refractories can withstand temperatures above 2,500°C (4,532°F).

  7. Zirconia refractories: Zirconia refractories are made from zirconia (zirconium dioxide) and have high resistance to thermal shock and chemical corrosion. They are used in applications that require resistance to molten metals, glass, and slags. Zirconia refractories can withstand temperatures up to 2,700°C (4,892°F).

What is Refractory Product ?

Refractories are inorganic, non-metallic, porous, and heterogeneous materials which are composed of thermally stable mineral aggregates, a binder phase, and additives. The principal raw materials used in the production of refractories are the oxides of silicon, aluminum, magnesium, calcium, and zirconium. There are some non-oxide refractories like carbides, nitrides, borides, silicates and graphite. Refractories are heat resistant materials used in almost all processes involving high temperatures and / or corrosive environment. Refractories insulate and protect industrial furnaces and vessels due to their excellent resistance to heat, chemical attack, and mechanical damage.

Refractories are defined in ASTM C71 as non metallic materials having those chemical and physical properties that make them applicable for structures or as components of systems that are exposed to environments above 538 deg C.

Refractories are essential lining materials for working interfaces and backup zone of the furnaces throughout the manufacturing of iron and steel, in specific sequential and consecutive operation of forming, holding, mixing, transporting hot metal, liquid steel, and slag. Despite refractory-metal direct interactions, refractories have to successively experience high temperature and corrosive environment through flues, shaft, ducts, and stack.

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