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Buy good quality furnace bricks at low price made in India and China at Wedge. We assure high performance guarantee and offer complete solution supply & installation on Total Refractory management basis at lowest possible cost matching to your SOPs.


Furnace bricks, also known as furnace refractory bricks or furnace fire bricks, are a type of refractory material specifically designed for use in furnaces and high-temperature applications. These bricks are essential components in industrial furnaces, kilns, and other heating devices where extreme temperatures, thermal cycling, and chemical resistance are required. Here are some key points about furnace bricks:

  • Composition: Furnace bricks are typically made from high-temperature-resistant materials such as fireclay, silica, alumina, magnesia, chromite, and zirconia. The specific composition depends on the intended application, temperature range, and environmental conditions. Common components include:

    • Fireclay: Provides good thermal insulation and resistance to heat, commonly used in lower-temperature furnaces and fireplaces.
    • Silica: Offers high-temperature stability and resistance to thermal shock, suitable for applications involving molten metals and glass.
    • Alumina (Al2O3): Enhances strength, refractoriness, and resistance to chemical corrosion, often used in high-temperature industrial furnaces.
    • Magnesia (MgO): Provides excellent resistance to basic (alkaline) environments, ideal for steelmaking and cement kilns.
    • Chromite: Contains chromium oxide (Cr2O3) for high-temperature resistance and corrosion resistance, used in ferrous metallurgy.
    • Zirconia: Offers exceptional thermal shock resistance and mechanical strength, suitable for extreme heat and rapid temperature changes.
  • Types of Furnace Bricks:

    • Standard Fire Bricks: Dense, high-strength bricks suitable for general-purpose furnace linings and high-temperature applications.
    • Insulating Fire Bricks (IFBs): Lightweight bricks with low thermal conductivity, used for insulation in furnaces, kilns, and ovens.
    • Acid-Resistant Bricks: Made from silica or special alumina-silicate materials, resistant to acidic environments found in chemical processing.
    • Basic Bricks: Made from magnesia or dolomite, resistant to basic (alkaline) environments found in steelmaking and cement production.
  • Properties: Furnace bricks possess several key properties that make them ideal for high-temperature applications:

    • High heat resistance: Furnace bricks can withstand temperatures ranging from several hundred degrees Celsius to over 1700°C, depending on the composition and type.
    • Thermal conductivity: Depending on the type, furnace bricks can have low thermal conductivity, providing insulation and reducing heat loss in furnaces and kilns.
    • Thermal shock resistance: Furnace bricks can withstand rapid temperature changes without cracking or spalling, crucial for applications involving thermal cycling.
    • Chemical resistance: Some furnace bricks are resistant to chemical corrosion from molten metals, slags, acids, and alkalis, ensuring durability in harsh industrial environments.
  • Applications: Furnace bricks are used in a wide range of industrial applications, including:

    • Steelmaking: Lining materials for blast furnaces, electric arc furnaces, ladles, tundishes, and other steelmaking equipment.
    • Glass manufacturing: Lining materials for glass melting furnaces, tanks, regenerators, and annealing kilns.
    • Ceramics production: Kiln linings for ceramic firing processes, including pottery, tiles, refractory bricks, and advanced ceramics.
    • Foundries: Crucibles, ladles, and molds in foundries use furnace bricks to withstand high temperatures during metal casting and forging processes.
    • Petrochemical industry: Lining materials for reactors, boilers, and furnaces in oil refineries, chemical plants, and petrochemical facilities.

In summary, furnace bricks are essential components in industrial heating systems, providing thermal insulation, heat resistance, thermal shock resistance, and chemical durability in high-temperature environments. Their diverse compositions and properties make them suitable for a wide range of applications across various industries, ensuring reliable and efficient operation of furnaces, kilns, and heating devices.

Furnace Bricks

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