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AZS refractories, also known as alumina-zirconia-silica refractories, are widely used in the glass industry for lining glass furnaces. These refractories are named after their key components: alumina (Al2O3), zirconia (ZrO2), and silica (SiO2). They are designed to withstand the extreme temperatures and harsh chemical environments encountered in glass melting and forming processes. Here are the key aspects of AZS refractories for glass furnaces:

  • Composition:

    • Alumina (Al2O3): Provides high-temperature resistance and mechanical strength.
    • Zirconia (ZrO2): Enhances resistance to thermal shock and chemical corrosion.
    • Silica (SiO2): Contributes to the refractory's ability to withstand chemical attack from glass melt.
  • High Temperature Resistance:

    • AZS refractories can withstand temperatures ranging from 1500°C to 1800°C (2732°F to 3272°F) encountered in glass melting furnaces without significant degradation.
  • Thermal Shock Resistance:

    • The presence of zirconia improves the refractory's ability to resist thermal shock, which is crucial in glass furnaces where rapid temperature changes occur during heating and cooling cycles.
  • Chemical Inertness:

    • AZS refractories exhibit good chemical inertness, particularly against alkalis present in glass melts. This property helps prevent chemical attack and erosion of the refractory lining.
  • Low Thermal Conductivity:

    • The refractories have low thermal conductivity, which aids in conserving heat within the furnace and maintaining uniform temperature distribution.
  • Resistance to Glass Corrosion:

    • AZS refractories are formulated to resist attack from molten glass, including alkali vapor corrosion, glass phase corrosion, and glass infiltration, which can lead to refractory wear and failure.
  • Structural Integrity:

    • These refractories offer excellent mechanical strength and structural integrity, allowing them to withstand mechanical stresses during furnace operation, such as thermal expansion and contraction.
  • Refractory Lining Design:

    • AZS refractories are used in various parts of glass furnaces, including the melting tank, throat, regenerator crown, and port necks. The refractory lining design aims to optimize performance, energy efficiency, and furnace longevity.
  • Applications:

    • AZS refractories are used in float glass production, container glass manufacturing, fiber glass production, and other glassmaking processes where high-temperature resistance, chemical inertness, and durability are essential.

In summary, AZS refractories play a vital role in the glass industry by providing reliable and long-lasting refractory linings for glass melting furnaces. They offer a balance of high-temperature resistance, thermal shock resistance, chemical inertness, and mechanical strength, contributing to efficient and sustainable glass production processes.


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